Generations and Gender Programme (GGP) is a pan-European research infrastructure ensuring sustainable knowledge base for academic research and population-related policy formulation. It aims to continuously make significant contributions to policy goals such as securing social cohesion, modernizing the social welfare system, strengthening the position of women in society, and improving future generations’ life chances.
The GGP, initiated in 2000, is a freely accessible data source of nationally comparative surveys and contextual databases which aims at improving the knowledge base for policymaking in Europe and developed countries elsewhere. Central survey topics are fertility, partnership, transition to adulthood, economic activity as well as the intergenerational and gender relations between people expressed in care relations or the organization of paid and unpaid work. The contextual database contain information on variations of context over time and among regions that are believed to have an impact on human behaviours and relations: legal norms and regulations, statistical norms, measures of welfare state policies and institutions as well as general economic and cultural indicators. The programme is run by institutes with strong traditions in academic research on population and family change.
The programme is run and developed by a Consortium of 11 leading European institutes with strong traditions in academic research on population and family change, coordinated by the Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute. The programme is implemented in close cooperation with the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, which serves as the main intergovernmental platform and coordinated the Networks of national Focal Points.
Comparative. The GGP is a cross-national enterprise. Studying generational and gender relationships needs a comparative focus in order to understand how policies, culture and economic development influence individual decision-making.
Longitudinal. The GGP applies a panel design - collecting information on the same persons with a three-year interval - to allow the examination of causes and effects.
Large sample size. The GGP has an average of 10,000 respondents per country, making it possible to study numerical minorities and uncommon events.
Wide age range. The GGP includes respondents between the ages of 18 and 79, making it possible to address research and policy issues across the entire life course.
Combining micro and macro data. The GGP includes a contextual database, enabling analyses of individuals and families in their cultural, economic, political, social and policy contexts.
Multidisciplinary approach. The GGP provides no only relevant demographic information, but also on values and economic, psychological, and health characteristics.
Theory-driven. The GGP uses the theory of planned behaviour with its focus on both objective and subjective determinants of demographic decision-making as its overarching framework.
Brochure of the Generations and Gender Programme
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Programme coordination and development at the Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute (NIDI) is carried out with the support from the Seventh Framework Programme of the European Commission.