Publication


Thomas Fent, Belinda Aparicio Diaz, Alexia Prskawetz
Family policies in the context of low fertility and social structure
Demographic Research, 2013
URL, JabRef BibTex, Abstract
OBJECTIVE In this paper we investigate the effectiveness of family policies in the context of the social structure of a population. METHODS We use an agent-based model to analyse the impact of policies on individual fertility de- cisions and on fertility at the aggregate level. The crucial features of our model are the interactions between family policies and social structure, the agents’ heterogeneity, and the structure and influence of the social network. This modelling framework allows us to disentangle the direct effect (the alleviation of resource constraints) from the indirect effect (the diffusion of fertility intentions via social ties) of family policies. RESULTS Our results indicate that family policies have a positive and significant impact on fertility. In addition, the specific characteristics of the social network and social effects do not only relate to fertility, but also influence the effectiveness of family policies. CONCLUSIONS Family policies can only be successful if they are designed to take into account the char- acteristics of the society in which they are implemented.

Reference


@article{Fent2013a,
  author = {Thomas Fent, Belinda Aparicio Diaz, Alexia Prskawetz},
  title = {Family policies in the context of low fertility and social structure},
  year = {2013},
  journal = {Demographic Research},
  volume = {29},
  number = {37},
  pages = {963-998},
  month = {Nov},
  url = {http://www.demographic-research.org/Volumes/Vol29/37/},
  note = {DOI: 10.4054/DemRes.2013.29.37},
  timestamp = {30.12.2013},
  abstract = {OBJECTIVE
In this paper we investigate the effectiveness of family policies in the context of the social
structure of a population.
METHODS
We use an agent-based model to analyse the impact of policies on individual fertility de-
cisions and on fertility at the aggregate level. The crucial features of our model are the
interactions between family policies and social structure, the agents’ heterogeneity, and
the structure and influence of the social network. This modelling framework allows us
to disentangle the direct effect (the alleviation of resource constraints) from the indirect
effect (the diffusion of fertility intentions via social ties) of family policies.
RESULTS
Our results indicate that family policies have a positive and significant impact on fertility.
In addition, the specific characteristics of the social network and social effects do not only
relate to fertility, but also influence the effectiveness of family policies.
CONCLUSIONS
Family policies can only be successful if they are designed to take into account the char-
acteristics of the society in which they are implemented.}
}

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