Publication


Brienna Perelli-Harris
How similar are cohabiting and married parents? Second conception risks by union type in the United States and across Europe
European Journal of Population, 2014
URL, JabRef BibTex, Abstract
The increase in births within cohabitation in the United States and across Europe suggests that cohabitation and marriage have become more similar with respect to childbearing. However, little is known about additional childbearing after first birth. Using harmonized union and fertility histories from surveys in 15 countries, we examine second conception risks for women who have given birth within a union. Results show that women who continue to cohabit after birth have significantly lower second conception risks than married women in all countries except those in Eastern Europe, even when controlling for union duration and union dissolution. Pooled models indicate that differences in second conception risks by union type between Eastern and Western Europe are significant. Pooled models including an indicator for the diffusion of cohabitation show that when first births within cohabitation are rare, cohabiting women have significantly lower second conception risks than married women. As first births within cohabitation increase, differences in second conception risks for cohabiting and married women narrow. But as the percent increases further, the differentials increase again. Overall, our findings suggest that country-specific factors lead to differences in second conception differentials by union type across countries. However, we also find that in all countries except Estonia, women who marry after first birth have second birth risks similar to couples married at first birth, suggesting that the sequence of marriage and childbearing does not matter to fertility as much as the act of marrying itself.

Reference


@article{Perelli-Harris2013b,
  author = {Brienna Perelli-Harris},
  title = {How similar are cohabiting and married  parents? Second conception risks by union type  in the United States and across Europe},
  year = {2014},
  journal = {European Journal of Population},
  volume = {30},
  number = {4},
  pages = {437-464},
  month = {Nov},
  url = {http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10680-014-9320-2},
  timestamp = {17.11.2014},
  abstract = {The increase in births within cohabitation in the United States and across Europe suggests that cohabitation and marriage have become more similar with respect to childbearing. However, little is known about additional childbearing after first birth. Using harmonized union and fertility histories from surveys in 15 countries, we examine second conception risks for women who have given birth within a union. Results show that women who continue to cohabit after birth have significantly lower second conception risks than married women in all countries except those in Eastern Europe, even when controlling for union duration and union dissolution. Pooled models indicate that differences in second conception risks by union type between Eastern and Western Europe are significant. Pooled models including an indicator for the diffusion of cohabitation show that when first births within cohabitation are rare, cohabiting women have significantly lower second conception risks than married women. As first births within cohabitation increase, differences in second conception risks for cohabiting and married women narrow. But as the percent increases further, the differentials increase again. Overall, our findings suggest that country-specific factors lead to differences in second conception differentials by union type across countries. However, we also find that in all countries except Estonia, women who marry after first birth have second birth risks similar to couples married at first birth, suggesting that the sequence of marriage and childbearing does not matter to fertility as much as the act of marrying itself.}
}

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