Publications with the keyword "eastern europe"


Altmets, K. and Puur, A. and Uusküla, A. and Saava, A. and Sakkeus, L. and Katus, K.
Self-reported activity limitations among the population aged 20-79 in Estonia: a cross-sectional study
European Journal of Public Health, 2011
activity limitations chronic conditions disability eastern europe estonia social variation
URL, DOI, JabRef BibTex, Abstract
Background: Along with population ageing, limitations in activities of daily living constitute a rising health-related burden in demographically advanced countries. The present study aims to assess the prevalence of self-re¬ported activity limitations derived from chronic conditions and social variation of limitations in the subgroups of the population aged 20–79 years in Estonia. Methods: A cross-sectional study employs data from the second round of the Estonian Family and Fertility Survey, a national project in the framework of Gender and Generation Programme. The target population covers age groups of 20–79 years. A nationally representative probability sample was drawn from the 2000 population census. Face-to-face interviews (n = 7855) were conducted in 2004–05. Results: The estimated prevalence of activity limitations with chronic conditions is 18.5% (95% CI 17.6–19.4) and the prevalence of severe limitations is 10.6% (95% CI 9.9–11.3) among the population. The logistic regression model shows signifi¬cant differences in activity limitations associated with age, educational attainment and marital status. Conclusions: Judging from our results and the EU structural indicators on health, the prevalence of activity limitations derived from chronic conditions is comparatively high in Estonia. The measures to prevent activity limitations and disability should receive a higher priority in Estonia.
Hoem, J. M. and Kostova, D. and Jasilioniene, A. and Mure?an, C.
Traces of the Second Demographic Transition in four selected countries in Central and Eastern Europe: Union formation as a Demographic Manifestation
European Journal of Population, 2009
marriage cohabitation first union joint analysis of competing risks second demographic transition central eastern europe russia romania hungary bulgaria
URL, DOI, JabRef BibTex, Abstract
Using data from the first round of the national Gender and Generations Surveys of Russia, Romania, and Bulgaria, and from a similar survey of Hungary, which were all collected in recent years, we study rates of entry into marital and non-marital unions. We have used elements from the narrative of the Second Demographic Transition (SDT) as a vehicle to give our analysis of the data from the four countries some coherence, and find what can be traces of the SDT in these countries. The details vary by country; in particular, latter-day developments in union formation patterns did not start at the same time in all the countries, but in our assessment it began everywhere before communism fell, that is, before the societal transition to a market economy got underway in 1990.

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