Contextual Database

Contextual Database


The Generations & Gender Programme Contextual Database (CDB) offers open access to comparable, aggregated contextual data, which may be linked to the individual level data of national Generations & Gender Surveys. The CDB contains demographic, economic, and policy indicators from countries in which data about individual’s life course and fertility were gathered in the Generations & Gender Surveys (GGS). In total, data from around 60 countries, both GGP countries as well as other countries, are included in the CDB.

The French National Institute for Demographic Studies (INED) maintains the GGP Contextual Database. In 2018, the online database was migrated to a new platform and the list of contextual indicators was revised. In collaboration with the GGP Central Coordination team and consultation with a panel of demographic researchers, a set of “core” indicators were identified for regular updating. The data is now compiled from international databases. National partners that field the GGP are no longer required to collect contextual data and indicators are restricted to country level (sub-regional is no longer gathered).

In compiling this list, the following criteria were used: (1) indicators should help explain or understand demographic trends; (2) indicators should be widely available and therefore be easily updated (ideally annually); (3) indicators should be available for a large number of countries as opposed to only European Union member states or only OECD countries. The following domains were selected for their value in understanding demographic trends:

Some indicators from the pre-2018 platform not included in the new core list may still be found in the “The Generations & Gender Contextual Database Archive”.

Matching extracted macro data with the GGP survey micro data is easily done by selecting country classifications following the code used in the GGP survey to identify an interviewee’s place of residence. Countries by NUTS and OECD codes are also available.

Contextual Data Links

The following international databases are maintained by official organizations (OECD, UN, WHO, World Bank, etc.) or specific projects (MISSOC, International Network on Leave Policies and Research, PERFAR, etc.).

These databases are reliable complementary sources of national and sub-national indicators and of “qualitative” descriptions of national policies.  

This collection of links will be completed in the coming period as a service to the demographic community.


The Generations & Gender Programme Contextual Database was established in the early 2000’s under the coordination of the Laboratory of Population and Policy at the Max Planck Institute of Demographic Research. Data collection for countries participating in the Generations & Gender Programme was carried out by partner institutions in the respective countries. These data collections were then complemented with different sources, including international databases of supranational organizations (e.g. European Union, World Bank, UNESCO) or research consortiums, and made available in an online platform.


The GGP Contextual Database is coordinated by Arianna Caporali at INED. Any questions, comments or suggestions regarding the database should be emailed to

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