Publications with the keyword "children"

Ivanova, K. and Kalmijn, M. and Uunk, W.
The Effect of Children on Men's and Women's Chances of Re-partnering in a European Context
European Journal of Population / Revue européenne de Démographie, 2013
children gender differences re-partnering residence enfants différences de genre nouvelle union rã©sidence
URL, DOI, JabRef BibTex, Abstract
This work examines what role children play in the re-partnering process in five European countries (Norway, France, Germany, Romania, and the Russian Federation) by addressing the following research questions: (1) To what extent do men and women differ in their re-partnering chances?; (2) Can gender differences in re-partnering be explained by the presence of children?; (3) How do the custodial arrangements and the child’s age affect the re-partnering chances of men and women? We use the partnership and parenthood histories of the participants in the first wave of the Generations and Gender Survey (United Nations, Generations and Gender Programme: Survey Instruments. United Nations, New York/Geneva, 2005) to examine the transition to moving in with a new partner following the dissolution of the first marital union, separately for men and women. The story that emerges is one of similarities in the effects rather than differences. In most countries, men are more likely to re-partner than women. This gender difference can be attributed to the presence of children as our analyses show that childless men and women do not differ in their probability to re-partner. Mothers with resident children are less likely to re-partner than non-mothers and a similar though often non-significant effect of resident children is observed for fathers. In most countries we find that as the child ages, the chances to enter a new union increase. In sum, our study indicates that children are an important factor in re-partnering and a contributor to the documented gender gap in re-partnering, and this holds throughout distinct institutional and cultural settings. Cet article étudie le rôle joué par les enfants dans la formation d’une nouvelle union dans cinq pays européens (Norvège, France, Allemagne, Roumanie et la Fédération de Russie) en tentant de répondre aux questions de recherche suivantes (1) dans quelle mesure les probabilités des hommes et des femmes de former une nouvelle union diffèrent-elles ? (2) la présence d’enfants peut-elle expliquer les différences de genre dans ce domaine ? (3) Les dispositions relatives à la garde de l’enfant et l’âge de l’enfant ont-ils un impact sur les probabilités d’une nouvelle union pour les hommes et pour les femmes ? Les histoires des unions et les histoires parentales des participants à la première vague des enquêtes Générations et Genre (GGS, Nations Unies ?, 2005) ont été utilisées pour étudier la transition vers une nouvelle union après la dissolution du premier mariage pour les hommes et pour les femmes séparément. Les résultats montrent des effets semblables plutôt que divergents. Dans la plupart des pays, les hommes ont des probabilités de former une nouvelle union plus élevées que les femmes. Cette différence de genre peut être attribuée à la présence d’enfants car nos analyses montrent que les probabilités d’une nouvelle union des hommes et des femmes sans enfant sont similaires. Les mères dont les enfants vivent avec elles sont moins susceptibles de former une nouvelle union que les femmes sans enfant, un effet semblable quoique non significatif étant observé pour les pères vivant avec leurs enfants. Dans la plupart des pays, plus l’enfant est âgé et plus les chances de former une nouvelle union augmentent. En résumé, notre étude montre que les enfants jouent un rôle important dans la transition vers une nouvelle union et qu’ils contribuent aux différences de genre, déjà connues, dans la formation d’une nouvelle union, ceci quels que soient les contextes culturels et institutionnels.
Veres, V. and Spéder, Z.
Fertility intentions, family size in comparison – Hungary and Transylvania
European Population Conference 2010, European Association for Population Studies, 2010,
children hungary transylvania parenting
URL, JabRef BibTex, Abstract
In this paper we analyzed the willingness to have children of the Hungarian population living in Hungary and Romania (Transylvania). Out intention was to shed light on individual motivations behind present and future parenting practices, the extent to which the willingness to have children differs in these two societies and the parenting practices they point to. Our data source is represented by the survey Turning Points of the Life Course carried out in 2004 and 2005 in Hungary and Romania, which is part of a big international survey: Generation and Gender Program (GGP) aimed at revealing the characteristics of the new European demographical behaviour related to „second demographical transition”. These research frames, bolstered by the above premises, offer numerous new research opportunities. The data collection from Hungary and Transylvania, the similarity of questions at different levels makes it possible to compare the key characteristics of individual and family demographical behaviour and the decisive aspects of the Hungarian and Transylvanian Hungarian societies. Summarising, we may assert that correlations and relations point to the same direction. There are no differences in size between the willingness to have children among Hungarians from Hungary and Hungarians from Transylvania, the parenting intentions of men and women are basically the same and inasmuch as the willingness to have children are dispersed according to social and demographical criteria they point to the same direction. The average level of the willingness to have children does not differ substantially either. At the same time, if we consider the results of cohort analyses, that women have their first child at a younger age, then from the point of view of the entire 20-44 age group sample we may presume that the fertility of Hungarians from Transylvania is somewhat lower than that of women living in Hungary.
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