About the Generations and Gender Programme


about_people_ggp_green.pngThe Generations and Gender Programme (GGP) is a Social Science Research Infrastructure that provides micro- and macro-level data which significantly improve the knowledge base for social science and policymaking in Europe and developed countries elsewhere. The Infrastructure is run by institutes with strong traditions in academic and policy-related research on population and family change and on survey methodology.

Key Features

The Generations and Gender Programme is developed in response to the data needs identified above. Key features of the GGP are:

  • Cross-national comparability. Up till now, 19 countries have conducted at least one wave of data collection. The comparative focus allows analyses of the ways in which policies, culture and economic circumstances influence dependencies between men and women and between the young and the old.
  • A longitudinal design. The GGP survey applies a panel design – collecting information on the same persons at three-year intervals – to allow the examination of causes and consequences of inequalities between genders and generations. Twelve countries have thus far conducted at least two waves of the GGP survey.
  • A large sample size. The GGP survey has an average of 9,000 respondents per country, making it possible to study numerical minorities and uncommon events.
  • A broad age range. The GGP survey has a focus on the whole adult population and thus includes respondents between the ages of 18 and 80, making it possible to address research and policy issues across the entire life course.
  • The combination of micro and macro data. The GGP has developed a Contextual Database, including a host of country- and regional level data on demographic, economic, cultural and policy indicators, enabling analyses of individuals and families in their cultural, economic, political, social and policy contexts.
  • A theory-driven and multidisciplinary questionnaire. The GGP surveys and contextual database provide a wide variety of data for policy relevant research by demographers, economists, sociologists, social policy researchers, social psychologists and epidemiologists. The development of the survey is inspired by a theoretical framework that emphasizes that key life-course decisions are influenced by attitudes, social norms and perceived and actual economic and institutional constraints, thus enabling enhanced understanding.