Publication


Nekehia Tamara Quashie, Bruno Arpino, Radoslaw Antczak and Chrisitne A. Mair
Childlessness and Health among Older Adults: Variation across 5 Outcomes and 20 Countries
The Journals of Gerontology: Series B, 2019
URL, JabRef BibTex, Abstract
Objectives No previous study to our knowledge has examined the association between childlessness and health using a wide range of countries and health outcomes. This study improves previous literature by examining the relationship between “childlessness” (1=childless for any reason, 0=parent of biological, step, or adopted child) and health across 20 countries and five health outcomes. Methods Drawing on cross-sectional harmonized data from the family of Health and Retirement Surveys across the United States (HRS, wave 11), Europe (SHARE, waves 4 and 5), Mexico (MHAS, wave 3), and China (CHARLS, wave 2), we use logistic regression models to estimate the association between childlessness and poor health (poor self-rated health, 1 or more ADL limitations, 1 or more IADL limitations, 1 or more chronic conditions, and depression) in a sample of adults aged 50 and older across 20 countries (N=109,648). Results Our results point to an absence of associations between childlessness and health and suggest that childlessness may be associated with better (e.g., Mexico, Hungary) or worse health (e.g., Austria, Estonia, Netherlands, Poland) in certain contexts and for certain measures. Discussions We discuss these findings in light of the meaning of childlessness, as well as cross-national economic, social, and cultural contexts to provide suggestions for aging policy and future research.

Reference


@article{Quashie2019a,
  author = {Nekehia Tamara Quashie, Bruno Arpino, Radoslaw Antczak and Chrisitne A. Mair},
  title = {Childlessness and Health among Older Adults: Variation across 5 Outcomes and 20 Countries},
  year = {2019},
  journal = {The Journals of Gerontology: Series B},
  month = {Nov},
  url = {https://doi.org/10.1093/geronb/gbz153},
  timestamp = {02.12.2019},
  abstract = {Objectives
No previous study to our knowledge has examined the association between childlessness and health using a wide range of countries and health outcomes. This study improves previous literature by examining the relationship between “childlessness” (1=childless for any reason, 0=parent of biological, step, or adopted child) and health across 20 countries and five health outcomes.

Methods
Drawing on cross-sectional harmonized data from the family of Health and Retirement Surveys across the United States (HRS, wave 11), Europe (SHARE, waves 4 and 5), Mexico (MHAS, wave 3), and China (CHARLS, wave 2), we use logistic regression models to estimate the association between childlessness and poor health (poor self-rated health, 1 or more ADL limitations, 1 or more IADL limitations, 1 or more chronic conditions, and depression) in a sample of adults aged 50 and older across 20 countries (N=109,648).

Results
Our results point to an absence of associations between childlessness and health and suggest that childlessness may be associated with better (e.g., Mexico, Hungary) or worse health (e.g., Austria, Estonia, Netherlands, Poland) in certain contexts and for certain measures.

Discussions
We discuss these findings in light of the meaning of childlessness, as well as cross-national economic, social, and cultural contexts to provide suggestions for aging policy and future research.}
}
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