Publication


Wilfried Rault and Muriel Letrait
Diverse Forms of Union and the “Gender Order”
The Contemporary Family in France, Springer International Publishing, 2015,
URL, JabRef BibTex, Abstract
Introduced in France in 1999 for both same-sex and different-sex couples, the civil partnership known as the pacte civil de solidarité or PACS, has seen a huge quantitative increase since 2001. This chapter compares types of union and attachment to gender roles. We differentiate four types of union linked to different kinds of institutionalization: direct or quasi-direct marriage, standard marriage, consensual union and civil partnership. Attitudes to the gender order are examined for the different forms of unions at two levels. We approach attitudes through household chores, an area that brings gender roles into play. Then, we look at representations from the “value orientations and attitudes” module of the questionnaire, to test the hypothesis that the different types of relationship express different degrees of gender differentiation. Two types of indicators are studied. The first type reflects the attitude to “gender difference” and a gender order that assigns a distinct role to each sex in the social order. The second type refers to the idea of a necessary “gender complementarity” by asking the respondents about their attitudes to single parenthood and homosexuality.

Reference


@inbook{Rault2015a,
  author = {Wilfried Rault and Muriel Letrait},
  title = {Diverse Forms of Union and the “Gender Order”},
  year = {2015},
  booktitle = {The Contemporary Family in France},
  publisher = {Springer International Publishing},
  pages = {43-68},
  url = {http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-319-09528-8_3#page-1},
  timestamp = {04.12.2014},
  abstract = {Introduced in France in 1999 for both same-sex and different-sex couples, the civil partnership known as the pacte civil de solidarité or PACS, has seen a huge quantitative increase since 2001. This chapter compares types of union and attachment to gender roles. We differentiate four types of union linked to different kinds of institutionalization: direct or quasi-direct marriage, standard marriage, consensual union and civil partnership. Attitudes to the gender order are examined for the different forms of unions at two levels. We approach attitudes through household chores, an area that brings gender roles into play. Then, we look at representations from the “value orientations and attitudes” module of the questionnaire, to test the hypothesis that the different types of relationship express different degrees of gender differentiation. Two types of indicators are studied. The first type reflects the attitude to “gender difference” and a gender order that assigns a distinct role to each sex in the social order. The second type refers to the idea of a necessary “gender complementarity” by asking the respondents about their attitudes to single parenthood and homosexuality.}
}

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