Publication


Neels, K. and Theunynk, Z.
The educational gradient and the gender differential of parental employment in Norway, France, Belgium, Austria, West-Germany, Estonia, Romania, Bulgaria, Hungary and Georgia.
European Population Conference, 2012,
URL, JabRef BibTex, Abstract
Maternal employment is the outcome of a cost-benefit calculation involving a variety of factors. In line with Coale’s preconditions for behavioural innovation, we group these factors under the heading ‘readiness’ (maternal employment is economically advantageous), ‘willingness’ (maternal employment is acceptable at both the societal and individual level) and ‘ability’ (welfare state provisions that support maternal employment are available and accessible). Using data from the Generations and Gender Surveys, this paper documents the educational gradient and the gender differential of parental employment in Norway, France, Belgium, Austria, West-Germany, Estonia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania and Georgia. The results indicate that the level of maternal employment is elevated in Norway, with a limited educational gradient. In Belgium and France and even more so in Estonia, Bulgaria, Hungary and Romania, the educational gradient of labour force participation is very pronounced, particularly among mothers. Austria and West-Germany show low levels of maternal employment, regardless of education. The between-country differences in maternal employment are subsequently set off against differential attitudes concerning parental employment and differential uptake of family policies in the countries considered.

Reference


@inproceedings{Neels2012a,
  author = {Neels, K. and Theunynk, Z.},
  title = {The educational gradient and the gender differential of parental employment in Norway, France, Belgium, Austria, West-Germany, Estonia, Romania, Bulgaria, Hungary and Georgia.},
  year = {2012},
  booktitle = {European Population Conference},
  url = {http://epc2012.princeton.edu/papers/120362},
  timestamp = {20.04.2012},
  owner = {Barbuscia},
  address = {Stockholm, Sweden},
  abstract = {Maternal employment is the outcome of a cost-benefit calculation involving a variety of factors. In line with Coale’s preconditions for behavioural innovation, we group these factors under the heading ‘readiness’ (maternal employment is economically advantageous), ‘willingness’ (maternal employment is acceptable at both the societal and individual level) and ‘ability’ (welfare state provisions that support maternal employment are available and accessible). Using data from the Generations and Gender Surveys, this paper documents the educational gradient and the gender differential of parental employment in Norway, France, Belgium, Austria, West-Germany, Estonia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania and Georgia. The results indicate that the level of maternal employment is elevated in Norway, with a limited educational gradient. In Belgium and France and even more so in Estonia, Bulgaria, Hungary and Romania, the educational gradient of labour force participation is very pronounced, particularly among mothers. Austria and West-Germany show low levels of maternal employment, regardless of education. The between-country differences in maternal employment are subsequently set off against differential attitudes concerning parental employment and differential uptake of family policies in the countries considered.}
}

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